A day after the trial closed, a Minneapolis jury on Tuesday convicted former police officer Derek Chauvin on two charges of murder and one charge of manslaughter for his role in the death of George Floyd during a May 2020 arrest. He now faces up to 40 years in prison for the most serious charge, but a sentence is not expected for months.
During his three-week trial, Chauvin had pleaded not guilty to the charges of second-degree unintentional murder, third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter, which carry prison sentences of up to 40 years, 25 years and 10 years, respectively.
However, Chauvin waived his right for the jury to decide his sentence and a judge will instead determine the length of his prison term. A decision is expected in two months.
In the wake of the verdict, governors and lawmakers from around the country issued statements praising the jury’s verdict. Former President Barack H. Obama and the former first lady, Michelle Obama, also issued a statement saying they believed the jury “did right thing.”
Lawyers for Floyd’s family issued a statement calling the result “painfully earned justice for the Floyd family & community.” They also posted videos on social media showing a telephone call to the family from President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. and Vice President Kamala D. Harris after the verdict.
Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz, a Democrat, said he planned to make a televised address, while Paul Gazelka, the Republican majority leader in the Minnesota State Senate, praised the verdict too.
“Though no verdict will bring George Floyd, I pray the Floyd family today is in some way comforted knowing the judicial system has provided justice. Today we have been reminded the determination of guilt is best decided by a jury of peers reviewing the facts,” Gazelka wrote in a statement.
Prosecutors had argued that Floyd, an unarmed black man whom Chauvin arrested for allegedly using a counterfeit $20 bill, died as a result of the officer kneeling on his neck for more than nine minutes and failing to administer emergency aid.
“George Floyd begged until he could speak no more, and the defendant continued this assault. When he was unable to speak, the defendant continued,” prosecuting attorney Steve Schliecher said, noting a medical examiner determined Floyd’s death was a homicide.
“When he was unable to breathe, the defendant continued. Beyond the point that he had a pulse. Beyond the point that he had a pulse, the defendant continued this assault. Nine minutes and 29 seconds,” Schliecher said. “[Chauvin] did not trip and fall and find himself upon George Floyd’s knee and neck. He did what he did on purpose, and it killed George Floyd. That force, for nine minutes and 29 seconds — that killed George Floyd.”
With civil unrest and a “defund the police” movement unfolding in the summer after Floyd’s death, prosecutors stressed only Chauvin was on trial, not the police as a whole.
“This case is called the State of Minnesota v. Derek Chauvin. This case is not called the State of Minnesota v. the Police,” Schliecher said, adding Chauvin “betrayed the badge” and “abandoned his values” and training because “he wasn’t going to take a challenge to his authority.”
“Policing is a noble profession,” he said. “There is nothing worse for good police, than a bad police.”
Chauvin’s defense lawyers, though, argued that drug use in the period before his arrest and a heart condition contributed more to Floyd’s death than Chauvin’s use of force.
Defense attorney Eric Nelson told jurors Chauvin’s use of force against Floyd was justified because he had witnessed Floyd struggling with other officers when he arrived on the scene. He also criticized the prosecution’s emphasis on the amount of time Chauvin restrained Floyd.
“The state has really focused on the nine minutes and 29 seconds, nine minutes and 29 seconds, nine minutes and 29 seconds. It’s not the proper analysis because the nine minutes and 29 seconds ignores the previous 15 minutes and 59 seconds,” Nelson said in closing arguments. “It says in that moment, at that point, nothing else that happened before should be taken into consideration.”
The closing arguments from each side came after the jury heard from 45 witnesses throughout the trial and was allowed to view video of the incident recorded by both police and bystanders. The prosecution had called 38 witnesses, including medical experts and experts on police use-of-force who testified that Floyd died from a lack of oxygen and that Chauvin’s restraint was improper.
The defense called just seven witnesses during the trial. Chauvin, for his part, invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination to avoid giving testimony about the arrest.
Fellow former officers Tou Thao, J. Alexander Kueng and Thomas Lane, who were present during the arrest, were each charged with aiding and abetting second-degree murder and aiding and abetting second-degree manslaughter and will be tried together in a separate proceeding.
Floyd’s death, which was caught on video that later spread on social media, sparked months of demonstrations against police brutality and racism around the world, which in some U.S. cities devolved into civil unrest and led to property damage and violent confrontations
As the jury met to deliberate on a verdict Tuesday, cities were preparing for the public response.
In downtown Minneapolis, crews installed razor wire around a police building and other police precincts. National Guard troops were also deployed to parts of the city, and Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz requested law enforcement assistance from neighboring Ohio and Nebraska. The Minneapolis Public School system also moved all classroom instruction to online from Wednesday.
“We must acknowledge two truths: We cannot allow civil unrest to descend into chaos, we must protect life and property,” Walz said at a press conference after jury deliberations began.
“We also must understand very clearly, if we don’t listen to those communities in pain, and those people on the streets, many of whom were arrested for speaking a fundamental truth, that we must change, or we will be right back here again,” he said.
Adding to the concern consuming some city officials was recent protests in the Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, where 20-year-old Daunte Wright, another unarmed black man, was fatally shot during the trial by a police officer in a traffic stop only a few miles from where Floyd died. The incident led to several nights of protests, which included skirmishes with police and vandalism.
Other major cities like Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York City, Atlanta and Philadelphia, some of which were hotspots for protests last summer, also moved on Tuesday to make more police officers available and ramped up their coordination efforts with other law enforcement agencies.
Instead, there were muted celebrations, with the guilty verdict a bittersweet result for many.
Floyd’s family lawyer, Ben Crump, called for the verdict to trigger broader moves toward police reform.
“This verdict is a turning point in history and sends a clear message on the need for accountability of law enforcement. Justice for Black America is justice for all of America!” Crump tweeted.
(Edited by Alex Willemyns and Kristen Butler)
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