CANBERRA, Australia — An Australian blood bank is reconsidering a ban on receiving donations from those in the United Kingdom during last century’s “mad cow disease” epidemic.
The Australian Red Cross, formally the Australian Red Cross Society, is a humanitarian aid and community services charity in Australia.
At the time, there was a large outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in European cattle, with most cases of the human variant — Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) — identified in Britain.
The fatal brain disease is believed to be caused by eating beef products infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy, and it can be transmitted through blood transfusions.
The Australian Red Cross previously set the limit at six months to “reduce the risk without threatening our blood supply”.
But a spokeswoman said that Lifeblood has reviewed the latest medical advice and is preparing a submission to propose to wait time changes for those who lived in or visited the U.K. during the vCJD risk period.
“Our submission is currently being reviewed by external medical experts, before consideration by the Australian regulator, the Therapeutic Goods Administration,” she said in a statement on April 19.
The Therapeutic Goods Administration is the medicine and therapeutic regulatory agency of the Australian government. As part of the Department of Health, it regulates the quality, supply, and advertising of medicines, pathology devices, medical devices, blood products, and other therapeutics.
“We look forward to having more to say about our submission in the future.
“Lifeblood would like to make it easier for all Australians to give blood while ensuring Australia’s blood and blood products are as safe as possible for blood recipients.”
Late last month, Lifeblood said the nation’s bloodstock was running low after record-breaking floods across New South Wales saw a drop in donations.
The group needs 31,000 donations every week to help Australians undergoing trauma, surgery, cancer treatment, pregnancy, and a host of other situations.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease may occur spontaneously, be inherited, or be transmitted by contact with infected tissue, such as during a transplant or eating contaminated meat.
The condition causes personality changes, anxiety, depression, and memory loss, usually within a few months. Many people lapse into a coma. Because no effective treatment exists, the focus is on alleviating pain and relieving symptoms. In a nutshell, it is a degenerative brain disorder that leads to dementia and death.
(Edited by Vaibhav Vishwanath Pawar and Ritaban Misra)
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